The deal comes just days after the United States, Britain and Australia announced a security pact called the OCAS, an initiative of three influential Western nations to deal with China.
The landmark deal calls for the United States and Britain to provide Australia with advanced defense technology to build nuclear submarines.
France, a nuclear-armed country and a strong member of the European Union, has strongly criticized the deal. Akas strongly condemned this, saying that they had been “stabbed in the back.”
The United States and Australia have summoned their own ambassadors in protest of Paris’s outrage over such a security deal in the Indo-Pacific region.
It is very unusual for a Western ally to send ambassadors. And this is the first time France has sent ambassadors from the United States and Australia.
The French foreign minister said they had made the decision “considering the gravity of the situation”.
French Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Dria said in a statement on Friday that the ambassadors had been summoned at the request of President Emmanuel Macron.
“This agreement is a knife in the back. The compromise that has been reached is about behavior between allies and partners that is unacceptable. The goal of our alliances is that it will affect the partnership,” he said.
“We have established a relationship of trust with Australia. Australia has broken that trust,” said the French foreign minister.
Many EU diplomats have criticized the new agreement, calling it “awkward” or “inconsistent” with the pronunciation of its name.
China has also criticized the initiative, calling it a “nerve war mentality.”
The new Akas alliance has been formed to deal with Chinese influence in the disputed South China Sea. The region has been in crisis for many years and tensions are running high.
US President Joe Biden, British Prime Minister Boris Johnson and Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison announced the formation of Akas on Wednesday.
A statement from the three leaders said, “As the first initiative under AACAS, we pledge to assist in achieving nuclear-powered submarine capabilities. It will be deployed in the Indo-Pacific region in support of stability and our common interests.”
The agreement, reached between the three countries of the newly formed Akas Alliance, the United States, Britain and Australia, calls for Australia to provide technology to build nuclear-powered submarines or submarines.
These submarines will be built in Adelaide in the south of Australia.
Michael Shobridge, a defense expert at the Australian Institute for Strategic Policy, said: “A nuclear submarine has tremendous defense capabilities. It has a huge impact on any region. Only six countries in the world have nuclear submarines.”
The agreement calls for the exchange of information and technology in the field of intelligence and quantum technology, as well as the construction of submarines for Australia.
Why angry France
Paris is naturally angry at this new initiative from the United States, Britain and Australia. Because they have been economically damaged. The deal marks the end of a multi-million dollar deal they signed with Australia.
In 2016, Australia and France signed a 3.6 billion deal to build 12 submarines for Australia.
The BBC’s Barbara Platt-Asher in the US State Department says the Akas deal is an economic blow to France. The announcement of the new security agreement came as a surprise to French leaders, who had no idea.
France was notified of the new alliance just hours before it was officially announced.
“The summoning of French ambassadors is probably unprecedented. France is America’s oldest friend. White House officials have also mentioned it,” Barbara Platt-Ashar wrote on the BBC’s website.
France says it was not upset for economic reasons. There are also diplomatic and security reasons behind their anger.
The BBC’s Hugh Schofield in Paris says the Elysee Palace in Paris is concerned that officials in Washington, Canberra and London are interpreting the cause of their anger differently and downplaying it.
“France says it is not angry at the economic damage caused by the submarine deal. Rather, it is angry at the way the three English-speaking countries have held secret talks, leaving France out of the picture, despite being an ally.”
The BBC’s Hugh Schofield says “this is why President Macron has ordered his ambassadors to be summoned on Friday night. They want to show that this is a big deal for France. It also raises questions about France’s relations with the United States, Australia and the United Kingdom.”
France has close military ties with each of the three Akas countries. In particular, they have worked with these three countries to suppress terrorism in various parts of the world, including the Saharan region of Africa and Afghanistan.
Why leave London
French ambassadors to Washington and Canberra have been summoned to Paris in protest of the Akas deal, but their ambassadors to London have not been summoned despite the UK’s involvement in the new alliance.
In an explanation given to the French media, French officials said that France considers the role of the United Kingdom in the new alliance to be very minor.
Analysts say France thinks Britain is trying to redefine its role in the post-Brexit world after leaving the European Union, and is following in the footsteps of the United States.
Security analysts say that after leaving the EU, Britain is now interested in playing a role in the Asia-Pacific region.
What the United States and Australia are saying
A White House official said the Biden administration regretted the French government’s move and said it would discuss the issue with France in the coming days.
Australia’s decision was not taken lightly by Australia. They say France’s move is unfortunate.
Australian Foreign Minister Maris Payne says they understand why France is frustrated. But they also hope that France will “realize the importance of bilateral relations.”
Note that Australia is concerned about China’s attempts to exert influence in the South China Sea.
The announcement of the formation of this new alliance is very significant. The announcement came just a month after the end of two decades of war in Afghanistan.
The new alliance was announced by the United States at a time when many were skeptical about the role of the United States in the South China Sea.
However, US officials claim that the Akas alliance was not formed targeting China.
The response of the European Union
France’s position has also put the EU alliance in an embarrassing situation.
First, not only France but also the European Union was involved in the negotiations of this new alliance. Not only was there no discussion, they were also unaware of the discussion.
Joseph Borrell, the European Union’s foreign policy chief and a top diplomat, also knew nothing about Akas.
He told a news conference that it was “regrettable” that they had not taken part in the talks and that he was “disappointed” by the situation.
The EU’s foreign policy chief says it is time for Europe to wake up and take action.
The European Union is not a military power, but European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen has called for the formation of a “European defense alliance”.
The BBC’s Jessica Parker in Brussels says: “If the EU decides to show its muscles, then they have to decide why they are doing it. And it will not be easy for them to do that.”
“Warsaw, Athens, Paris or Berlin – not everyone will have the same strategy,” said Ian Lesser, vice president and security analyst at The German Martial Fund in the United States.
So, in short, the announcement of the formation of the Akas Alliance is not timely for the EU, and it is embarrassing for them that they were unaware of it.
China is Australia’s largest trading partner. But there is no doubt that the Akas deal will damage relations between the two countries.
China has sharply criticized the deal, calling it “extremely irresponsible” and “narrow-minded.”
Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Zhao Lijian said the alliance risked severely undermining regional peace and intensifying the arms race.
He has sharply criticized the United States, Britain and Australia. And by referring to the Akas deal as a “nerve war mentality”, they are also harming their own interests.
The same attitude is in the Chinese media
The editorial has been published.