Sudan is the fifth member state of the Arab League to establish normal relations with Israel. The decision was announced on Friday (October 23rd), the same day that US President Donald Trump announced that he was removing Sudan from the list of countries sponsoring terrorism. This has paved the way for US aid and investment in Sudan.
When the president made the announcement on Friday, he added that the five Arab states wanted a peace deal with Israel.
Earlier, the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain announced the establishment of normal relations with Israel. This is the first time in the last 26 years that these two countries have taken such a decision in the Middle East.
The UAE Foreign Ministry welcomed Sudan’s decision to establish normal relations with Israel, saying it was an important step towards security and prosperity in the region.
Sudan and Israel have issued a joint statement with the United States. It has been informed that the delegations of the two countries will meet in the coming weeks.
The leaders agreed to normalize relations between Sudan and Israel and to end hostilities between the two countries, the statement said.
Just a few months ago, Israel was in the same house in the Arab world. They had relations with only two countries, Egypt and Jordan. The two countries established relations with Israel in 1979 and 1994, respectively. The United States mediated both agreements.
However, in 1999, Mauritania also recognized Israel. But ten years later, they again severed ties with Israel.
The Palestinians are angry that one Arab country after another is normalizing relations with Israel. Palestinian leaders have condemned it. They think that these countries are betraying the Palestinians.
Two conditions were very important in the historical position of the Arab countries in establishing relations with Israel.
First, the territories occupied by Israel in the 1967 war must be abandoned. Second, an independent Palestinian state must be formed with East Jerusalem as its capital. Only if these two conditions are met will they recognize Israel.
Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas has said he rejects the new agreement. He added that no one else had the right to speak on behalf of the Palestinians. Hamas, on the other hand, says it is a political sin.